Europe’s middle ages and the renaissance, the islamic world, the development of trade between Europe and Asia, and the collision between Europe and the Americas.


Explore the history of Canada, beginning with North America and First Peoples, battles over land and trade, the creation of Canada, and the struggle for human rights.


How has global and regional conflicts been a powerful force in shaping our contemporary world and identities? How is the development of political institutions influenced by economic, social, ideological, and geographic factors? How do world views lead to different perspectives and ideas about Canadian society?

This course is full of diversity and about the power in combining knowledge: it explores BC First Peoples, Canadian law, climate change and how it affects air and water quality, and world history including the development of rapid transport, food and agriculture.

How do natural processes have an impact on the landscape and human settlement? How do interactions between human activities and the atmosphere affect local and global weather and climate?

How are the identities and language of BC First Peoples renewed through their connection to the land? What is the impact of contact and colonialism on the political, social, and economic lives of BC First Peoples? How do cultural expressions convey the richness, diversity, and resiliency of B.C. First Peoples?

Understanding legal rights and responsibilities allows citizens to participate more fully in society. How can laws both maintain the status quo and also be a force for change? How are laws interpreted, and how may these interpretations evolve over time?

How are social justice issues interconnected? Do our individual world views shape and inform this dialog? How can we undertake initiatives to transform individuals and systems?

What are nationalist movements, and how do they have the ability to both unite and cause conflict? How has the development of technology in the 20th century led to profound social, economic, and political changes?